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Humayun?s Tomb, New Delhi

Written on: Friday August 24th, 2007

I was only fourteen years then. My father planned to have a trip to Delhi during the Durga Puja vacation. Throughout the year, we, the bengalees are awaiting for this time. This is the time for us to have a change in our monotonous working life. My school, father?s office, mom?s school- everything is closed at that time. Usually all of us pass this period in a rejoyous mood. In one fine afternoon, we boarded the Sealdah - New Delhi Rajdhani Express from Sealdah station. It was my first time visit to Delhi as well as the travelling in the fastest train of our country. So I was excited very much. By the way, after enjoying the train journey, we reached safely to New Delhi on the very next day. From Kolkata my father already booked a good budget hotel. Therefore, without wasting time we reached the hotel at first. After being freshed we came out from the hotel to visit the famous sites of Delhi. As my father is a frequent visitor to Delhi for official purpose, he advised me and my mom to visit the Humayun?s tomb atfirst. We availed a taxi and reached the Humayun?s tomb within few minutes.

I read about the Mighty Mughal rulers and their deeds in history. Therefore, I was very much eager to get a practical experience. While our taxi reached our proposed site, we, especially me, became spellbound at its first sight. The grand existence and its architectural grandeur just made me speechless. I came out from my state of wonder while my father held my hand and moved ahead. We entered the site through a long axial processional track. I read in my history book that Humayun's Tomb was the first garden tomb made in India. Now I found that the garden is divided into 36 squares by a grid of water channels and paths. While we were moving to the tomb, my father informed me that it was Hamida Banu Begum, the persian wife of Humayun, who supervised this construction during the reign of the great Mughal emperor, Akbar-the Great. A persian architect named Mirak Mirza Ghiyuath was brought to build this unique tomb. This is why the Persian art is evident here. Gradually, we came infront of the tomb where Emperor Humayun was lied in final rest. The tomb is octagonal in shape and placed over a platform with colonnades. I found that the central room contains the cenotaph of the emperor Humayun and his queen Banu begum. The entire tomb is crowned by 42.5 m high colossal double dome. While the entire structure is built mainly with red sandstone along with use of white and black marble, the dome is made of white marble. It is the first Indian monument where the Persian concept of a double dome was used. After visiting that, we wandered through the baradari (pavilion) and the hamam (bath chambers). A gentle breeze was blowing and we all felt a pleasant mood.

We also found that the mausoleum is the burial ground of several eminent Mughal personalities e.g. Hamida Begum(Akbar's mother), Dara Shikoh (eldest son of Shah Jahan) and Bahadur Shah II, the last Mughal Emperor. Atpresent the Humayun's Tomb is a protected monument under the ownership of Archaeological Survey of India. Though the mausoleum was completely built in 1572 AD, it still holds the essence of royalty. Time has passed, but it remains as a grand existence till this day. After that, I visited many other places of Delhi along with my parents, but the enjoyment I received at the Humayun?s Tomb, was not realised by me anywhere else. I don?t know whether it is my infatuation or not, I must tell everyone to visit the Humayun?s tomb atfirst if anyone plans to have a trip to Delhi.